April 22, 2017

A Guide to Motorcycle Laws in the Philippines

  • HOME
  • Tips & Guides
  • A Guide to Motorcycle Laws in the Philippines
  • Motorcycles have become the most convenient form of personal transport for a lot of people living in the Philippines. It doesn’t matter if you’re an expat or a local: going through traffic is made a lot easier if you have a vehicle with as small of a footprint as a motorcycle.

    Questions about which laws apply to motorcycles, though, have always lingered on the back of everyone’s mind. The Land Transportation Authority (LTO) has come out with a set of rules and regulations for motorcycle use on highways, which many people seem to miss.

    These rules can be found under LTO Administrative Order No. AHS-2008-013. It’s a long read, but here are the most important things you can take away from it:

    • All motorcycles and scooters being used on ANY HIGHWAY in the Philippines should be registered with the LTO in accordance with Republic Act (R.A.) No. 4136, or the Land Transportation and Traffic Code.
    • If you own a motorcycle and use it, your license plate should be visible and clean so your ride can be identified by everyone.
    • Motorcycles follow the same speed limits as cars. In case you’ve forgotten, that’s:
      • 80 kph on open country roads with no blind corners
      • 40 kph on “through streets” or roads clear of traffic and without blind corners
      • 30 kph if there’s light traffic and it’s not a through street
      • 20 kph everywhere else
    • Passengers, who are often referred to as back-riders, is limited to one. Cargo, on the other hand, is limited to saddlebags or luggage carriers approved by the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).

    • Both driver and passenger must wear a DTI-approved (i.e. with an ICC sticker) helmet when riding a motorcycle as per R.A. 10054 or the Motorcycle Helmet Act of 2009.
    • For accessories, all motorcycles should have headlights, tail lights, signal lights, brake lights, side mirrors, and a horn. The LTO also allows a maximum of two supplementary white or selective yellow LED/high-intensity discharge (HID) lamps with six bulbs each, directed downward and never towards the left side, and should let you see 10 meters ahead.
      • Any other accessories have to be approved by the LTO and the DTI.
    • DUI is still illegal for motorcycle riders, along with using a mobile phone or similar gadgets.
    • Lane splitting is prohibited as per this rule.
      • Lane splitting, or lane filtering, is the act of driving in between slow-moving vehicles.
    • Closed shoes are the only kind of footwear allowed when riding a motorcycle. This means no slippers, sandals, flip-flops, or even bare feet. Then again, who would want to ride their motorcycle with bare feet?

    TAKEN BEFORE THE LAW. This was taken in 2008, or before the enactment of the Motorcycle Helmet Act of 2009 and R.A. 10666 or the Children’s Safety on Motorcycles Act of 2015.

    • According to R.A. 10666 or the Children’s Safety on Motorcycles Act of 2015, children are not allowed to ride a motorcycle on public roads with either heavy traffic volume, has a lot of fast-moving vehicles, or where speeds more than 60 kph are allowed unless:
      • The child can comfortably rest his/her feet on the foot peg,
      • The child’s arms can reach around and grasp the waist of the driver,
      • The child has a helmet, or
      • The child is in dire need of medical attention

    As you can see, apart from the obvious and the unique (i.e. no lane splitting and shoes only, please), motorcycles are pretty much treated like cars in the Philippines. This means you have to follow whatever road rules and regulations the LTO has for cars. For a list of fines, visit dotr.gov.ph.

    Got any concerns about the country’s motorcycle rules and regulations? Hit us up in the comments section below. Hopefully, we can pass that on to the LTO. For complete information on the country’s motorcycle laws, including those on customization and the implementing rules and regulations of the pertinent laws, please visit dotr.gov.ph or send them a message on Facebook (@DOTrPH).


    Images grabbed from Paul Lewin on flickr, trevorkloeden.wordpress.com
    Source: Motorcycle Development Program Participants Association, Inc., Philippine Daily Inquirer, Official Gazette, The LAWPHiL Project

               
               
    Recent Comments

    ser huhulihin niyo parin ba pag no helmet kahit tinutulak naman yung motor

    Anonymous
    3 days ago

    The rules are only enforced in manila and then again only randomly. Why make rules that are not enforced? It would be better if they focused on supplying motorcycle registration license plates in promptly. The biggest reason for traffic delays is very low standard of driver training and its almost inpossible to fail a driving test.

    ★★
    a week ago

    Hello Po. May ask po ako. Sana masagot niyo po ito.
    Nadakip po kami ng LTO sa lugar namin tapos yung motor po is newly released ng company as in wala pa pong 24hrs. pero binagyan parin kami ng TOP kahit na nag explain kami. sabi ng company may 24hrs of permit to travel yuing vehicle. ngayon pag punta po namin sa LTO office hindi man lang kami pinakinggan. jkahit ipinakita nanmin yung release of vehicle ang sales invoice ng motor. pinapabayad parin kami ng 12,000. nakakagigil po talaga! san naman nmin niyan kukunin e bago panaman yung kuha na motor pina parovide kanmi ng orcr which is di pa ma provide ng company kasi bago pa yung motor. sana po matul;ungan po kami. LTO TAGUM CITY.

    Anonymous
    2 weeks ago

    Good day everyone…
    May huli po ba kong sakaling may dala or may bitbit na aso ang nakahangkas? Thankyou

    Anonymous
    2 weeks ago

    Hi to all, I was recwntly been repremanded by a traffic enforcer in Clark airbase that I needed to open my headlights all the time when driving my motorbike even if it is broad daylight. I found this stupid as it is never written on our traffic laws that headlights ahould be opened in broad daylight. I told him that I will comply if it is written on our traffic rules of if it is required by clark as long as it is written on their laws. Am I wrong on this?

    Anonymous
    2 months ago

    The fact is, the Philippines is a Third World Country for many reasons and this article highlights some of the silly laws they have that contribute to the reality of said fact. The catholic church, even moreso than the corrupt government, is the main reason why the country will never get any better.

    2 months ago

    admin pls rply:
    meron po akung pwd n anak sya po ay autism..abot nya po ang tapakan ng angkasan..hirap sya po kc e commute kc naiinip sila s traffik nag wawala kya angkas ko n lng sya sa motor kasama ang misis ko bali nasa gitna sya..tanong ko po kung exemption po ba sya sa violations ng overloading..?

    Anonymous
    2 months ago

    Can I use my motorcycle registered in the Pangasinan in manila area?

    Anonymous
    2 months ago

    I am pleased to know that lane splitting is not allowed by law since 2008. This does not only mean that motorcycles should not take a lane when it already has a vehicle on it, it also applies the other way around- if you’re on a motorcycle and on your lane, no car can legally and rightfully squeeze itself into your lane beside you.

    ★★★★★
    3 months ago

    Hi po, pwede po ba dalhin yung motor from mandaluyong to pasay kahit wala pang OR CR? ang dala ko lang po lagi is yung sales invoice. Dahil bago pa po, sya. Pwede daw po kasi sabi ng pinagbilhan ko po. Ano po ba ang tama? Salamat po.

    Anonymous
    3 months ago

    pede po ba ang dog carrier sa motorcycle?

    Anonymous
    3 months ago

    is there any specific shoes that is allowed to wear? i mean the clog shoes, example of the brand crocs? why dti approved to release it in the market to call it clog shoes if it is not a shoes? is there any law referring to the specification of shoes to be worn while driving a motorcycle.
    well im sure it was not a sandals because it is a closed toe designed and strap to lock at the back of the foot.

    ★★★★★
    7 months ago

    Both driver and passenger must wear a DTI-approved. A half-face helmet is allowed so long as it has the ICC sticker.

    staff
    7 months ago

    Is half-face helmet allowed to a backrider in main roads??

    Anonymous
    7 months ago

    Closed shoes are the only kind of footwear allowed when riding a motorcycle. Right now, there are no provisions in the law that prohibit wearing shorts when riding motorcycles

    staff
    7 months ago

    Is it illegal for the backrider to wear slippers? And how about backrider wearing shorts.

    I have read the LTO traffic fines, violation etc. and im still looking if theres any violation with regards to it.

    Please help me with this guys. Thank you for the effort.

    Anonymous
    7 months ago

    Another booboo of riders is driving at the right side of vehicles on the outer lane. Moreso when the vehicle needs to make a right turn and the riders squeeze in right at the turn or in other instances proceed straight even if the vehicle signalled his intentions prior to making the right turn and has already started to execute the turn. In many other cases, the right side of the outer lane has a rough part, pot hole and the likes which makes rider lose balance hitting the vehicle on the left. 9/10 riders never accept their mistakes to avoid paying for damages and runaway! Then there is counterflowing..I can go on and on and on!

    Anonymous
    8 months ago

    Lane splitting should be alright provided the riders stay driving straight..the problem arises when they pass a slow moving vehicle that keeps proper and safe distance from vehicle infront, they tend to swerve into the gap which poses a great danger to all 3 motorists, the vehicle infront..the motorcycle that squeezes in and the vehicle behind..a sudden stop would surely cause a collision. The sad part is, the vehicle passed gets the blame if the rider gets bumped afterva sudden stop when infact the safe distance is compromised by the rider

    Anonymous
    8 months ago

    Actualy ginawa nila yan motorlane para lang talaga my idahilan sila sa panghuhuli….peru kong concerned talaga paguusapan zero yan ….imagine motorlane peru malalaki Bus dumadaan din pati mga kotse tpos pag motor hindi dumaan sa motorlane paparahin nila dba malaking hulidup na legal….pasensya na po peru yan talaga nakikita ko iwan ko lang kong nkikita nyo rin yon..

    Anonymous
    8 months ago

    Under modification ba Ang paglagay Ng side mirror sa ilalim ng manibela? Kasi pag sa taas ko nilalagay nahaharangan Ng braso ko mas Lalo di ko Makita Ng mabuti ang side pag sa Ilalim nakikita ko Ng mabuti. Pwede po ba paki include dito Ang modification Ng motor if pwede. Salamat. I have new motorcycle na di ko nagamit for 3months lumabas na orcr saka ko nagamit per sita parin dahil Wala pang plaka.

    Anonymous
    8 months ago

    Can you please update the content for 2019? We have news issues with the license plates and all. Thanks!

    ★★★★
    9 months ago

    Muka namang tama yung lane splitting. Pinanuod nyo ba yung video? Nagiging bayaran din talaga yung ibang enforcer, tama ka po. Dahil yan sa mga nakikiusap na mga violators na imbis na hulihin sila eh naglalagay nalang. So win win yun diba? Wag ka mag violate. Para hindi ka umabot sa punto na kakailanganin mo maglagay sa enforcer. Hindi kana nahuli. Hindi pa naging masama ang enforcer.

    ★★★★
    9 months ago

    All your comments are good! We are the motorcycle riders are really need to be splitting,,especially with the heavy traffic or do the over taking even do they have two paint lane or one…other wise our motorcycle is being stock at the traffic..LTO is many gimmick like ICC to the helmets…What i being observe to the all LTO offices they don’t have any more drawings signs for the traffic rules and regulation,they have a few drawing signs but those are very simple every body knows that already even the small kids!hahaha..
    It was not like used to be before all the signs of traffic regulation was at the LTO offices..

    9 months ago

    Lane splitting should be legalized. if all motorcycles stay in their lanes like cars imagine the traffic would be worse. Stupid car drivers don’t get that concept I suggest those that drive cars should also ride motorcycles so they Would understand. I drive a car and a motorcycle..

    Anonymous
    9 months ago

    I got a new motor. I was told to avoid lto for 3 months kc on process p registration .meaning wala p me orcr.. Im really pissed about it

    Anonymous
    10 months ago

    Bawal din dba ang vehicle modification. Where to report those police na nkadisplay ang motor nila lumalabag din

    Anonymous
    10 months ago

    Rules that noone follows and noone enforces. Waste of people’s time and money. Next article please.

    ★★
    10 months ago

    is there any article about the no registration of below 49cc vehicles?

    Anonymous
    11 months ago

    Follow the No Lane Splitting rule! Are riders more priviliedged than the rest that they have the option to obey only the rules that they like? This is one thing I do not understand with riders.

    Anonymous
    11 months ago

    Comments here about the stupidity of the article and its being oblivious with reality are absolutely valid.

    one year ago

    ask ko lang po yung mga scooter type na 30cc to 40cc need pa din po ba ng license and registration?

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    Pwede ba mg sakay ng bata na abot ung stepnut tsaka isa pang pasenger.??

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    Do the motor cycle driver wear half face helmet or full face helmet in long distance travel?

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    Answer me, is a motorcycle without or changed decals is allowed to travel from capiz to manila??

    ★★★★★
    one year ago

    Answer me, is a motorcycle without or changed decals is allowed to travel from capiz to manila?

    ★★★★★
    one year ago

    Is this article a joke?

    one year ago

    I have two kids and our only way of transportation is through motorcycle. Unless, we will commute.but, our place to our destination will be two rides. My concern is instead I will be able to save some money, it will be spend to fares!

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    MGA WALANG KWENTANG RULES YAN MGA BAYARAN NAMAN MGA TRAFFIC ENFORCER NYO!!!!!!

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    Include niyo dito yung no riding in tandem sa may Mandaluyong. Perwisyo eh. Pwede lang mag backride kapag babae, bata (7-10yrs old), saka pag mag-ama daw. Bawal daw ang dalawang lalaki. Pano nalang instances na malalate ka sa trabaho tapos sumabay ka sa katrabaho mo? Asar inang batas yan

    one year ago

    LTO is strict in implementing its own rules and yet they cannot improve its own work that is new plates we already paid in 2015. Until now theyre still not available.

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    If you dont allow motorcycle to do lane splitting then make a law that give 1meter wide lane only for motorcycle,and dont allow any car to block that lane.imagine today we have motorcycle lane and the car fitted in that lane,they block during traffick and authority don’t allow you to do lane splitting instead you’re on the back of their car during rain or shine!

    ★★★★★
    one year ago

    If Lane Splitting is not allowed i would rather used my Car and be sheltered in harsh weather, The main reason we use MC or Scooters is to be earlier passing the Turtle slow moving Traffic. How will you do that if Lane Splitting is not allowed you morons…

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    If Lane Splitting is notvallowed i would rather used my Car and be sheltered in harsh weather, The main reason we use MC or Scooters is to be earlier passing the Turtle slow moving Traffic. How will you do that if Lane Splitting is not allowed you morons…

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    People asking about minors getting in an accident. Here’s how it goes. Were they driving on a public road? Do they have a student permit at the least? Even if the other party is technically at fault, the fact that your minor is, well, a minor and has no license or permit means that they have no right to drive a motor vehicle in a public road. If they’re on a bicycle or electric scooter, however, they’re technically pedestrians so they can drive on the sidewalk or the rightmost side of the road.

    People asking about bike customization: yes it’s okay to customize your bike granted that your mods don’t put other people in danger (which when you update your vehicle registration is determined by the LTO on a subjective basis), and YOU DON’T ALTER YOUR ENGINE AND CHASSIS NUMBERS. You can make it past the first relatively easily but if you alter your numbers, then that’s a surefire LTO alarm (possible stolen motorcycle).

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    LTO is a pain in the groin as ever. No lane splitting? Theres a reason a bike’s wheels are arranged front and back instead of side by side, and that’s to give
    a narrower profile so that more people can share the road. 20-30 kph? Look, bikes have two wheels and tend to be unstable at lower speeds. One thing not mentioned in the article is the 400cc rule on expressways, which is another dumb rule. Engine size does not determine power, speed, even ride stability. Horsepower does.

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    20kph? That’s just a little over 12mph! I won’t even get out of first gear and not to mention I’ll be more concentrating on balancing the bike at that rediculously slow speed!

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    pwede bang magdala ng baby 1 year old of age sa motorcycle?

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    I think i have a right to costumize my xrm motorcycle into shifter because its my personal property.. is it ok?? I want to know the answer please.. :'(

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    Riding a 400cc motorcycle and up needs a special/specific drivers license?

    Anonymous
    one year ago

    What’s the minimum size on side mirror?

    ★★
    one year ago

    Canopy is also not allowed. This refers to the cheat ones that blows away against strong winds, i guess. I saw a japanese manufacturer that makes canopy for yamaha tri city and nmax which is top quality. Is this allowed? How do we get a permit if ever?

    Anonymous
    2 years ago

    I live in Manila and drive on the major roads every day. As far as I can tell nothing seems to be enforced. Many bikes are on the road with no lights, multicoloured lights, multiple passengers, no mirrors or mirrors tucked in and many riders have no crash helmets and flip flops (Slippers) on. Some even have the crash helmet resting on top of their head because they are smoking. The only thing that I have noticed recently is police randomly setting up checkpoints and pulling over riders to see if they own the bike or are offering a paid ride service (Harbel harbel?)
    I have even fitted a dash cam because so many riders veer all over the road at low speed oblivious to anything behind them. I’m scared one will veer out in front of me as I overtake them and I’ll hit them.

    ★★
    2 years ago

    Sir ask lng po.. pano pag bumili ako ng motor tapos gagawin ko syang cafe racer style.. ano po ang mga kailangan kung gawin para maging street legal ang pag modified ko?

    Anonymous
    2 years ago

    Mga b0b0 naman yang nasa LTO. Kung ano anong batas ang pauso. Kumpara mo sa batas ng ibang bansa, parang mga tanga lang gumawa ng batas dito. Taenang speed limit yan, mas mabilis pa bike ko jan eh. Pagbawal nyo nalang kaya lahat ng may makina. Haha! Pati lane splitting bawal. Muntimang lang eh.

    ★★★★
    2 years ago

    Wjat will be the possible charges and penalties, if a minor got into an accident while driving a borrowed motocycle?

    Anonymous
    2 years ago

    What if my motorcycle is for registration (newly bought vehicle)? Can I still bring it around qc areas? I have my permit to carry receipt, license, and I am wearing full gear. TIA

    Anonymous
    2 years ago

    Lane splitting under defined speed limits is legal in many countries, including the USA. I see it done here in the Philippines all the time.
    The other reason for lane splitting is it cuts down on traffic congestion, motorcycles can move to the front of the cue at stop lights, they can get around slow moving vehicles, they can split lanes in traffic congestion and so on.
    I do not own a car here in the Philippines because of the huge traffic problems in every major city. Instead I ride my scooter or big bike and split lanes when I can. It cuts down on my time, my misery sitting in stalled traffic and makes my ride far better.
    The law needs to be changed to allow lane splitting.
    I have never seen a motorcycle in the provinces pulled over for flip flops, multiple riders, even lack of helmets. The way laws are enforced in the Philippines is not consistent.

    ★★
    2 years ago

    I do agree with the other reviewers that you’re not doing anyone any good at all to recite the Philippine law unless you contrast it with the common practices. I see infants riding on gas tanks all the time. Ok, in my opinion the parent should be whipped, but none-the-less, its a common practice. The article would be much better if it contrasted common occurrences and outlined the real danger.

    2 years ago

    Lacking information and didnt even include motorcycle customization…

    2 years ago

    Who is liable if the minor drive the motorcycle and unfotunately it commits accident?

    Anonymous
    2 years ago

    I want to change my motorcycle decals, what is allowed?

    Anonymous
    2 years ago

    People ride with flip flops all the time. Many people ride 3 on a bike. Lane splitting is common. All the time in fact. This article is how it should be. Not how it really is.

    2 years ago
    What do you think about this article?
    ★★ ★★★ ★★★★ ★★★★★

    *

    You might also like...
    Smart Ways of Handling Your 13th Month Pay
    November 27, 2019
    A Guide to Where Filipinos Buy Christmas Decorations
    November 09, 2019
    Christmas Bazaars and Night Markets to Visit in Manila This Holiday Season 2019
    November 04, 2019
    Guide to Filipino Mythical Creatures
    October 19, 2019
    Things to Remember When Joining a Joiners Travel Tour
    September 14, 2019