December 29, 2016

Expats’ Guide to Tax Refund in the Philippines

  • HOME
  • Tips & Guides
  • Expats’ Guide to Tax Refund in the Philippines
  • The end of 2016 is coming in two days. For most of us, it marks the end of a year filled with firsts. Employees typically laud this time of the year as it gives us more than the year-end parties and events: it’s the time when we usually start computing for our annual tax refund (or lack thereof).

    This is, however, a very complicated topic, especially for those lying outside the realm of your company’s accounting team. Here’s an explainer on what tax refunds are, why they exist, and (most important) if and how you can collect it if you’re a salaried employee.

    What is a tax refund?

    A tax refund (specifically, an annual tax refund) is defined as the “excess of tax withheld over the tax due on their annual gross income.” Simply put, it’s whatever excess tax your employer collected from you for the current year, if there is any.

    It comes as a result of any of these two things happening:

    1. You’re a new hire who’s spent less than a year with your current company, hence leaving you with a little bit too much tax collected by your employer.
    2. You’ve changed your tax status (i.e. added a dependent, whether child or eligible family member) within the calendar year and have filed for a change of tax status with your employer.

    Why does it exist?

    Taxes are what the government uses to pay for everything they spend on: infrastructure projects, housing, scholarships, etc. The two most obvious sources are the Value-Added Tax (VAT) they impose on products we purchase from stores and a portion of the income we make from our jobs.

    If you’re a salaried employee, you don’t need to worry too much about how you may (or may not get it). It’s enough to know that there are instances where your company takes away too much from your monthly pay because of the reasons stated above. There’s also the element of human error (employees in accounting are people too), but that rarely happens.

    No one wants to be taxed too much (remember all those movies about the Middle Ages?), so your employer submits a list of documents, called alphalists, to the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR).

    How can we receive a tax refund?

    This one is easy enough to explain. If they deduct too much from your salary (which usually happens if you’ve switched jobs or tax status), your employer has to give that money back to you on or before January 25. Too little, and you’ll have to pay for those taxes by the end of January.

    This means one thing: you MAY or MAY NOT receive a tax refund come payday on or before January 25.

    In case you really want to know if you’ll be receiving a tax refund or not, here’s how it’s (roughly) computed:

    Get your Net Taxable Compensation. Use the following formula for you to get your Total Taxable Compensation:

    Total Taxable Compensation = (Annual basic pay + Overtime pay + 13th month pay + other taxable benefits) – (SSS + PhilHealth + PagIbig Contributions + Nontaxable allowance)

    Once you have your Total Taxable Compensation, take away any exemptions you may have:

    • Single w/o qualified dependents – P50,000
    • Head of Family – P50,000
    • Married individual – P50,000 (can only be claimed by you or your spouse, not both)
    • Additional exemption – P25,000 for each qualified dependent, but only up to 4
      • This may only be claimed by the husband who is deemed Head of Family, unless you give that to your wife
      • Single individuals considered as Head of Family supporting a qualified dependent
      • Spouse with custody of child or children. Both can claim the additional exemption provided the total number between them does not exceed 4.

    The complete formula looks something like this:

    Net Taxable Compensation = Total Taxable Compensation – exemptions (Personal + Additional)

    Once you have your Net Taxable Compensation, you can then look at this table to see how much you should have been taxed for the entire year:


    TAX TABLE. Data on the table as of June 2013. Image grabbed from BIR

    Look at your Net Taxable Compensation and find which bracket it falls under (i.e. within the range under the “If Taxable Income is:” column). You can then get how much you should be taxed and compare it against how much you were actually taxed for.

    Sample computation

    To better understand how it will be computed (and if you will or will not get a refund), let’s use the following situation as an example. Remember that all the numbers posted are fictional, and may be affected by things such as overtime pay, absences, leaves, under time, etc.:

    Juan dela Cruz is a single man without any qualified dependents whose annual compensation is as follows:

    • Basic Monthly Salary: P15,000 x 12 = P180,000
    • SSS/Philhealth/Pag-Ibig monthly contribution: P832.50 x 12 = P9,990
    • 13th month pay for the year: P15,000
    • Withholding Tax (January – December 2016): P1,541.83 x 12 = P18,501.96

    From here, we compute for his Total Taxable Compensation:

    Total Taxable Compensation = P180,000 – P9,990 = P170,010
    Net Taxable Compensation = P170,010 – P50,000 (since his tax status is Single) = P120,010

    Looking at the table, his Taxable Income falls within the P70,000 – P140,000 bracket, meaning he should be taxed P8,500 plus 20% of the excess over P70,000.

    Tax Due = P8,500 + [(P120,010 – P70,000) x 20%] = P18,502.00

    Comparing his Tax Due with his Withholding Tax from January to December 2016, we see that he nearly broke even: a four-centavo difference between his Tax Due and Withholding Tax for the year. That will usually be included in his first paycheck for January 2017.

    This was a lengthy article, but we hope it helped you understand tax refunds in the Philippines.

    Source: #AskTheTaxWhiz (Rappler), Income Tax Calculator (Rappler), PayrollHero, BIR

    Recent Comments

    albanian women play sex games


    100% totally free 3d sex games for pc


    furry sex games

    2 days ago

    write descriptive essay

    4 weeks ago

    wri­te essays for money

    4 weeks ago

    writing a literature essay

    4 weeks ago

    writing an expository essay

    4 weeks ago

    online casino best bonus

    a month ago

    casino games for money

    a month ago

    casino no deposit sign up bonus

    a month ago

    no deposit bonus online casino

    a month ago

    writing essays about literature

    a month ago

    writing essay conclusion

    a month ago

    help writing college essays

    2 months ago

    help writing essay

    2 months ago

    pay someone to write an essay

    2 months ago

    legit essay writing services

    2 months ago

    gay teens dating adults
    dating as a fat gay dude
    gay online dating site free

    2 months ago

    gay chub speed dating
    dating a gay jew
    gay dating sites reviews

    3 months ago

    descreet gay dating
    bangalore gay dating site
    gay st louis dating

    3 months ago

    website for gay dating

    3 months ago

    the black gay dating site

    3 months ago

    gay dating sim romance koi
    free gay dating sim games
    gay dating sites south africa

    3 months ago

    exclusive gay dating site

    3 months ago

    top gay dating sites 2021
    gay speed dating rhode island
    dating a russian gay man

    3 months ago

    russian gay dating site

    3 months ago

    im dating a gay felon
    gay demon dating cartoon
    im gay we are dating vine

    3 months ago

    gay dating eharmony
    gay dating young for old
    dating sim gay serial killer

    3 months ago

    gay texas zoophilia dating
    gay dating teen
    gay sex dating like bbrts

    4 months ago

    gay dating websites nyc

    4 months ago

    teenage gay dating websites

    4 months ago

    gay karate teenagers dating

    4 months ago

    european gay dating sites

    4 months ago

    gay dating sim cd
    gay dating site in switzerland
    daddy dating gay

    4 months ago

    free chatting for marriage
    married dating

    4 months ago

    Clear enough. Thanks! 🙂

    4 years ago
    What do you think about this article?
    ★★ ★★★ ★★★★ ★★★★★


    You might also like...
    DOLE Allows Alien Work Permit Request via PH-based Employers
    September 08, 2021
    GUIDE: What To Prepare And Do If You Ever Get Sick Abroad
    June 26, 2021
    LIST: Hotlines You Can Contact in Case of Emergencies
    June 21, 2021
    LIST: 8 Real Estate Websites and Apps You Can Rely On in the Philippines
    June 19, 2021
    GUIDE: Hospitals Accepting Foreign COVID-19 Patients in Metro Manila
    June 17, 2021