A haven of knowledge: National Library of the Philippines
If you wish to learn more about the Philippines through history books and a collection of data, visit the National Library of the Philippines, or locally known as “Pambansang Aklatan ng Pilipinas” in Manila.
THE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF THE PHILIPPINES. (Photo by Franz Miko Verzon via Wikimedia Commons)
The National Library of the Philippines (NLP) is the official national library of the country. It is nearby other culturally significant buildings under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), such as the Museum of Philippine Political History and the National Historical Commission.
The library was founded as early as 1887, which dates back to the creation of the Museo-Biblioteca de Filipinas by the Spanish government. It was then abolished upon the start of American colonization in the Philippines. The history of the library underwent through rigorous processes until it was reconstructed in the 1960s where it is currently located on June 19, 1861 in commemoration of the centennial birthday of Philippine national hero Jose Rizal.
THE FILIPINIANA READING ROOM. (Photo grabbed from en.wikipedia.org)
THE CHILDREN’S LIBRARY. (Photo grabbed from NLP’s website)
What you can find in this library is a vast collection of information that you can use to further increase your knowledge or to do some academic research. Here, you can see more than 200,000 books, over 800,000 manuscripts, more than 170,000 newspaper issues, theses, dissertations, government publications, maps, and photographs. There are also collections of non-print media and there are also pieces used in the Library for the Blind Division.
This is where first-hand documents are found, such as the original manuscript of the National Anthem of the Philippines “Lupang Hinirang,” collection of rare Filipiniana books, and presidential documents. Their most prized possession would be Rizal’s masterpiece novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo, and poem “Mi Ultimo Adios.”
The General Reference and Multimedia sections are located on the second floor of the building, where you can also find Children’s library. On the third floor, you’ll find The Filipiniana and Government Publications sections. To help you out, you can use the Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC) to search for what you need.
To be able to go here, you need to present one valid ID card and it’s free of charge. However, to be able to borrow books, you need to sign up for a library card. All you need to do is present one valid ID and 1×1 photo at the cashier on the ground floor. Then you’ll have to pay P100 for the ID where you shall write your name. You need to register through the computers on the ground floor to input your personal details. It’s better to get your IDs laminated too.
Visit the National Library of the Philippines now to learn more about the Philippines!