October 06, 2015

National Museum Complex: A Memento of the Philippines’ Rich Culture

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  • The Philippines is known to have a rich, eventful, and colorful history which serves as a strong foundation of the country’s identity and direction. One place to find these treasures and heritage of the country, from the pre-historic times up to the recent events, as well as the people’s rich culture, is none other than the National Museum of the Philippines.

    It is an institution mandated by the government to ensure the proper preservation and fostering of the country’s history and heritage. The museum complex consists of four buildings—three of which are in neoclassical architecture—housing different collections and divisions of artifacts representing the country.

    national museum1IMAGE National Museum of the Philippines

    National Museum of Fine Arts

    The National Museum of Fine Arts in Manila /IMAGE Faye Almazan

    The National Museum of Fine Arts houses modern and contemporary Philippine Art from the 17th to the 21st centuries.

    The building was constructed in 1918 and was inaugurated on July 16, 1926. It was first used by the Senate and House of Representatives occupying the second, third, and fourth floors until they moved out in 1996, while the National Library was located in the building’s ground floor. It was then renovated and transformed as the National Art Gallery of the National Museum Complex in 2003.

    There are 12 galleries inside covering most of the country’s famous paintings and sculptures made by National Artists including Juan Luna, Dr. Jose Rizal, Félix Resurrección Hidalgo, Fernando Amorsolo, and many more. Look out for some of the art pieces and National Art Treasures like the famous Spolarium created by Juan Luna.

    Location: Padre Burgos Ave., Rizal Park, Ermita, Manila
    Open hours: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Tuesday to Sunday), closed on Monday
    Admission: Free

    National Museum of Anthropology

    ATM: The National Museum of Anthropology opens its doors facing the Rizal Park. Welcome to the National Museum!P.S. The museum is open Tuesday – Sunday, 10 am – 5 pm. Admission is free. 😊

    National Commission for Culture and the Artsさんの投稿 2017年6月29日木曜日

    Another component of the National Museum Complex is the National Museum of Anthropology. It displays collections of anthropology and archaeology artifacts and was formerly used as the building of the Department of Finance.

    The exhibits inside the museum consists of the San Diego Exhibit; the Five Centuries of Maritime Trade Before the Arrival of the West which showcases the remains of merchant vessels from China, Vietnam, and Thailand; The Origin gallery which portrays the four periods of the Prehistoric Ages in Philippines: Paleolithic, Neolithic, Metal, and Ceramic Age; The Archaeological Treasures, a display of ancient burial jar collections from different cave sites in the Philippines; and The Filipinos and Their Rich Cultural Heritage gallery that focuses on the diversity and cultures of the Philippines.

    You can also have a glimpse of the ancient Filipino script known as “Baybayin”, along with the collection of ethnic memento from indigenous groups all over the country.

    Location: Padre Burgos Ave., Rizal Park, Ermita, Manila
    Open hours: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Tuesday to Sunday), closed on Monday
    Admission: Free

    National Museum of Natural History

    The white hallways of the National Museum of Natural History /IMAGE Angela Arcega

    Located just across the National Museum of Anthropology is the new National Museum of Natural History. The building was formerly called as the Agriculture and Commerce Building and was once served as the headquarters for the Department of Tourism. It opened to the public last May 2018 which instantly became a famous spot in Manila because of the modern and aesthetic interior design.

    One will be amazed upon seeing the DNA Tree of Life tower right at the center of the foyer. It features an elevator where you can have a 360-degree view of the museum’s interior, plus the glass-dome roof which gives the museum natural lighting.

    The DNA Tree of Life tower serves as a centerpiece of the National Museum of Natural History /IMAGE Deneca Ordinanza

    The 6-floor museum houses 12 galleries consisting of botanical, geological, and zoological collections, plus dioramas of rainforest, mangrove, and marine ecosystems. Another main attraction is the display of the skeleton of the Philippine’s largest crocodile Lolong hanging from the ceiling of the second floor’s reception hall.

    Location: Agrifina Circle, Rizal Park, T.M. Kalaw Street, corner General Luna Street, Manila
    Open hours: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Tuesday to Sunday), closed on Monday
    Admission: Free

    National Planetarium

    The NM is pleased to announce the reopening today of the National Planetarium.Please join us on our journey to the…

    National Museum of the Philippinesさんの投稿 2019年1月14日月曜日

    Experience the world of astronomy in National Museum’s National Planetarium. This planetarium is situated inside the Luneta Park in Manila between the Japanese Garden and the Chinese Garden.

    The National Planetarium was built in 1974 and was inaugurated on October 1975. It features astronomical exhibits and real-life projection of celestial bodies. They also provide planetarium shows, lectures, and demonstrations for visitors who would want to get an out-of-this-world experience. The main attraction of the planetarium is the GM-15 Goto Planetarium Projector inside the dome which provides a cinematic viewing experience for visitors.

    It recently reopened to the public last January 15, 2019, and is open for all ages.

    Location: Padre Burgos Ave., Rizal Park, Ermita, Manila
    Open hours: 8 a.m. to 12 n.n. and 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. (Monday to Friday)
    Admission: Exhibition is free; Planetarium Shows – Php 50 for regular viewers, Php 30 for students, and Php 40 for senior citizens and PWD

    Indeed, museums prove to be more than simply a depot of all things historic and ethnic, but a dynamic core where dreams, lessons, and inspiration emanate from.


    Sources: National Museum of the PhilippinesABS-CBN NewsPhilippine News Agency

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